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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

The Polish Government handed over to the Australian Government,
(who had taken over Polish interests after the severance of Polish-Russian
relations), the names and addresses of 271,000 Poles who had benefited
up to then by the relief given by the Polish Embassy, and informed them
of that unknown number of their citizens still in prisons and labour camps.
The Australian Embassy, however, was unable to get any information
regarding these people.*
The Daily Telegraph had written of " the full coincidence of Mr.
Churchill's statement of British views with those of Marshal Stalin's "
on the future of Poland, but, in point of fact, the agreement to divide
Europe into spheres of influence did not arouse enthusiasm either in the
British Empire or in America. The Anglo-Russian * coincidence ' was
the antithesis of the Anglo-Polish Treaty of 1939. This new and contra-
dictory c full coincidence' was seemingly agreed upon in Teheran as
far as Poland was concerned, and had established her fate without her
knowledge; this * coincidence,' which was the break-down of the British
policy of restoring the freedom of nations, meant a full victory of Russian
Imperialism. Stalin was repeating the demands of Tsar Alexander I,
at the Vienna Congress of 1815óc the frontier on the Bug, and the rest
of Poland as a Russian protectorate.5
Russian confidence and co-operation (if they were bought) were paid
for with a price heavier than the conscience of the United Nations could
bear, for after ail they had not gone to war to submit Europe to Soviet
domination. A well-disciplined British Press supported the Prime
Minister, but, subsequent to Churchill's speech of February 22, American
opinion, which had looked on the Roosevelt policy at Teheran with
suspicion, now reacted strongly and angrily. The Government of the
U.S.A. had no intention for the present of taking an official stand in direct
opposition to Russia, although this meant placing itself against the
greater proportion of American opinion. When the British Government
auctioned the Polish nation, so to speak, without her consent, by seemingly
withdrawing from its pledge and limiting its guarantee to the half only of
Poland, the action definitely aroused adverse comment in America. The
first opportunity to speak plainly on this matter arose on May 3 (Poland's
National Feast), when Congress held a debate on Polish affairs lasting
several hours. Eighty-two Congressmen and twenty-six Senators
emphasised that the Polish war-aims were American war-aims. At the
proposal of Senator David I. Walsh (Mass.), the Congress acclaimed the
resolution, expressing a great anxiety regarding the future of Poland.
ec The events of to-day (the Kremlin's action against Poland) are revealing
the possibility of the famre violation of the determined frontiers of her terri-
tory, the destruction of her sovereignty and of her established democratic
government. Therefore the Senate of the United States, together with
* Manchester Guardian^ December 23rd and 31st, 19433 January 10th3 llth
and 17th, 1944.    The Times, April 17th and 19th, 1944.
262